Islamic Eschatological Discourses: Comparing Between The Conceptions Of Badiuzzaman And Al-Attas
Keywords:Eschatology, Badiuzzaman, al-Attas, happiness, comparison, methodology
The idea of what is after life has been remarkably discussed in all religions since their inceptions. The doctrine of the last things is known as eschatology. The word originated in the West and initially referred to Jewish, Christian, and Muslim ideas regarding the end of time, the afterlife, the Last Judgment, the messianic era, and the theodicy (the justification of God's justice) dilemma. The phrase has been used by religious historians to describe overlapping themes and ideas in nonliterate peoples' religions, ancient Mediterranean and Middle Eastern societies, and Eastern civilizations. There are eschatological archetypes in many secular liberation movements as well. The present paper aims to present a metaphysical and theological understanding of the Islamic idea of eschatology, comparing between two contemporary scholars, i.e., Badiuzzaman Said Nursi and al-Attas. In the works of both, it is noticed that the conceptions and terminologies related to the end of this world and beginning of the other world have been discussed. Initially, the paper introduces the concept of eschatology in THE WORDS of Badiuzzaman, followed by the explanation by al-Attas. After presenting the two scholastic narrations, they are compared looking to different dimensions including their content, articulative methodologies, and linguistic aspects. A meticulous analysis of all these dimensions showed that the two scholars have similar understanding of the Islamic idea of eschatology, whereas both differ, to a great extent, in presenting it through their respective works. The paper argues that both scholastic narrations have contributed significantly to the understanding of the hereafter world.
Al-Attas, M. N. (1978). Islam and Secularism. ABIM
Al-Attas, M. N. (1993). The Meaning and Experience of Happiness in Islām. ISTAC.
Al-Attas, M. N. (1995). Prolegomena to the Metaphysics of Islam: An Exposition of the Fundamental Elements of the Worldview of Islam. Kuala Lumpur: International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC).
Al-Marzuqi, J. A. S. (2013). Moral philosophy in the Qur’an from the viewpoint of the Risale-i Nur, Said Nursi. TSAQAFAH, 9 (2), 263. https://doi.org/10.21111/tsaqafah.v9i2.53
Boell, S. K., & Cecez-Kecmanovic, D. (2014). A hermeneutic approach for conducting literature reviews and literature searches. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 34. https://doi.org/10.17705/1CAIS.03412
Elaskary, M., & Yun, E. (2017). Death, resurrection, and shrine visitations: An Islamic perspective. Religions, 8(3), 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8030034
Eschatology (2022). Britannica. Retrieved September 12, 2022, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/eschatology
Godlas, A. (2008). A religiological analysis of Nursi’s view of Sufism expressed in the ‘Nine Allusions’ (telvihât-ı tis’a) of the Risale-i Nur. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 19(1), 39–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510340701770279
Hintikka, J., Halonen, I., & Mutanen, A. (2002). Interrogative logic as a general theory of reasoning. In Studies in Logic and Practical Reasoning (Vol. 1, pp. 295–337). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1570-2464(02)80009-X
Nursi, B. S. (2008). The Words (Turkish Sozler, Sukran Vahide, Trans). Istanbul, Turkey: Sozler Nesriyat Tic.ve San. A.S.
Qur'an with English translation by Taqi Usmani. Internet Archive. (n.d.). Retrieved January 17, 2023, from https://archive.org/details/QuranWithEnglishTranslationByTaqiUsmani
Nursi, B. S. (2010). The Letters (Turkish Mektubat, Sukran Vahide, Trans). Istanbul, Turkey: Sozler Nesriyat Tic.ve San. A.S.
Şükran Vahide, & Abu-Rabi’, I. M. (2005). Islam in modern turkey: An intellectual biography of Bediuzzaman said Nursi. State University of New York Press.
Yasilhark, T. (2008). Eschatology and the importance of hope in the light of Jurgen Moltman and Said Nursi. [Master thesis, Hartford Seminary]. https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/view/15315866/eschatology-and-the-importance-of-hope nursi-studies
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Jafar Paramboor
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.